Monday, August 27, 2012

Ophir- Ancient name of Islas del Oriente - The Philippine Islands

One of the common practice of tribal Filipinos which is similar to the Jewish Sacrifice is the shedding of the blood of animals. As in my tribe the Higaonons of Bukidnon a ritual called "Pamuhat" is conducted during harvest and planting season wherein  a blood offering is made to the creator. Another ritual is "Tampuda" - when two warring tribes are inconflict with each other, they will dug a hole and put a pig inside the hole. Each tribal chieftain or Datu who are in conflict with each other  take turn in spearing the pig until it dies. Their anger is directed to the pig.  Then they cover the hole  and the two chieftains exchange a porcelain cup signifying that there is peace between them. The cup symbolizes peace between them. Their conflict is appeased by death of an animal . This is very similar to the Hebrew's practice of "Propitiation".  

What the Spaniards believed

After the death of King Solomon, Ophir was abandoned and soon forgotten. After the passage of hundreds of years nobody would know where or what is Ophir. The other word associated with Ophir is the word "Tarshish." Nobody also knew what it meant. In old translations of the Bible it was supposed also to be a place. However, in new translations of the Bible, it is used to refer to the fleet that went to Ophir.

What happened to the Hebrew or Jewish settlements that were established to process the gold before they were shipped back to King Solomon? Nobody also knew. However, we knew that because of their religious beliefs the Hebrews tend to survive as a separate enclave wherever they settled.

Historical facts

In Spain there is a book called Coleccion General de Documentos Relativos a las Islas Filipinas. It is found in the Archivos de Indias de Sevilla. It was reprinted in 1920 in Barcelona, Spain by the Compania General de Tabaccos de Filipinas. Its Tomo III (1519-1522), pages 112-138, contains Document No. 98 describing how to locate the land of Ophir.

This same volume also contains the official documents regarding the voyage of Ferdinand Magellan. It also contains the logbook of Francisco Albo, the chief pilot of the ship Victoria. This logbook is also one of the main references regarding the voyage of Ferdinand Magellan.

Since this book contains important documents, we can discern that the Spaniards did not really believe that Ophir was in India. In fact the Cabot expedition that left Spain on April 3, 1526 had a secret mission, "to search for a route to Tarsis, OPHIR, Oriental Cathay (China), and Japan."

Document No. 98 describes how to locate the land of Ophir. The travel guide started from the Cape of Good Hope in Africa to India, to Burma, to Sumatra, to Moluccas, to Borneo, to Sulu, to China, then finally Ophir.

Ophir was "…in front of China towards the sea, of many islands where the Moluccans, Chinese, and Lequios met to trade…"

This group of islands could not be Japan because the Moluccans did not get there. It could not be Taiwan because it is not "of many islands." Only the present day Philippines could satisfy the description.

Jewish Settlements

Along the route described by Document No. 98 are locations of old Jewish settlements.

It would not be surprising for that was the procedure used by King Solomon's fleet.

Settlements were established at selected places to trade and process the gold and silver. The ships will collect the gold and silver and bring it to King Solomon. To the credit of the Hebrew people, their settlement remained true to the Jewish faith even for thousands of years. Settlements were found in India, Burma, Sumatra, and Vietnam (Annam and Cochin China).

Who Were the Lequios?

Spanish records mention of a mysterious people known as Lequios. Modern historians variously identified them as Okinawans, Koreans, or Vietnamese. They were favorite targets of Spanish ships during the time of General Miguel Lopez de Legazpi because the ships of the Lequios were always laden with gold and silver.

According to Documents 98, the Lequios were big, bearded, and white men. They were only interested in gold and silver when trading at Ophir. Okinawans, Koreans, and Vietnamese people are not big nor are they white. Their beards are just small goatees and could not satisfy the word "bearded". Therefore they were not the Lequios. So who could the Lequios be but the remnants of Hebrews and Phoenicians who have made some enclaves along the Southeast Asian shores?

The Hebrew word "LEQOT" or "LIQQET" means to gather, to glean. It resembles closely the word Lequios. It will fit the men of King Solomon's fleet who gathered gold and silver. (Note: The Hebrew alphabet has no small letters.)

Where Was Ophir?

There is no doubt that the group of islands in front of China towards the sea is the present day Philippines. The question is where was Ophir located in the Philippines?

Ancient Chinese records say that the ancient trading places in the Philippines were Ma-yi and Pulilu. Dr. Otley Beyer identified Ma-yi as Mindoro. Dr. Jose Rizal, Blumentrit, Robertson, and Stangl say that it was Luzon in part or in whole.

Dr. Jose Rizal identified "Pulilu" as Bo-ol or Bohol. Nobody disputed Dr. Jose Rizal. So there are only three possible places in the Philippines that could be identified as Ophir, they are Luzon, Mindoro, and Bohol.


OPHIR 

The Ancient-Name of the Islands of the Philippines

(Only the descendants of Levites Datu Gerson, Datu Merari and few descendants of Datu Cohat reached the island of Ophir, but the High Priest comes in the lineage of Aaron left in Yahrushalom)

People in the Islands of Ophir speaks Ancient-Hebrew Language

Who is Ophir ?

Ophir written in the Old Testament of the Bible 1 Kings 22:48, 9:28 and 22:49,
Psalms 45:9, Isaiah 13:12, Job 22:24, 28:16, 1Chron. 24:4, 1:23, Genesis 10:25-26. 
In Genesis 10:25-30 “ And Heber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg, for his days was the earth divided and his brother’s name was Yoktan. And Yoktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Yerah, and Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah, and Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba, and OPHIR, and Havilah, and Yobab; all these were the sons of Yoktan. And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar a mount of the EAST”.

The language of Ophir


The language of Heber is the same language of Adam and when the language was confused, only Heber retained the original language of Adam and was called Hebrew from Heber’s name and therefore the language of his two sons Peleg and Yoktan will be Hebrew and the language of Ophir the son of Yoktan will be Hebrew also. 

The language of Abraham

Peleg son is Reu, reu son is Serug, Serug son is Nachor, Nachor son is Thare, Thare had tree sons Abram become Abraham, Nahor and Haran the father of Lot. Abraham is Hebrew in Genesis 14:13.

Historians said about Ophir

The western writers garlanded the Philippine land with more names such as Maniolas, Ophir, Islas del Oriente, Islas del Poniente, Archipelago de San Lazaro, Islas de L*****s (Island of Mortars), Archipelago de Magallanes and Archipelago de Legaspi. The western writers and ocean navigators called the islands Ophir before the Western people arrived and re-named it as Felipinas from the name of King Felipe of Spain.

When the first European historian set their foot in the land of Ophir, it was written by historian Gregorio F. Zaide in page 2 and page 24 of History of the Filipino People, that Padre Chirino an eminent Jesuit historian found in Tagalog language that “it has the Mystery and obscurities of the Hebrew language”.
Therefore in the islands of Ophir the people speaks Ancient-Hebrew language.

32 comments:

  1. Hello hope this helps.

    Lequios (LEQOT" or "LIQQET)

    - This word has the same meaning in Hiligaynon word "LIKOS" (Western Visayas Language) meaning "To gather". This term is often used in everyday lives of Capiznon, Ilonggo and Negrense (Negros). 'Likos' is a term used 'to gather FISH' in the ocean. Capiz in Panay Island became the 2nd settlement when the Spaniards led by Miguel López de Legazpi travelled from Cebu in 1569 in search for food. Panay (Spanish: Pan-hay) means 'there is bread'.

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  2. Salamat,

    Please read www.scribd article of Hazel Santiago Part 1 and Part 2 Interview

    Shalom,

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    Replies
    1. https://www.scribd.com/doc/249097789/Revised-New-Pre-Hispanic-History-of-Philippines

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  3. No ophir is not Philippines , it is India (hind) ibn abbas said indians , sindhis and bindhis are from Shem. .

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    1. If it is India, where are the documents that says India.is "Ophir"? If it is, how come they don't have Hebrew words in them? Whereas in OUR country, almost majority of Visayan words are of Hebrew origin-including the Name of The Almighty!

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  4. Indians and sindhis are from buqayin bin qahtan (joktan)

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  5. Yoktan is joktan (qahtan) this is India not Philippines

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  6. Haplogroup J2a-M410 in India was found to be largely confined to the castes[20] with no occurrence in the tribals, but a new study has found it at higher percentages (10%) among the Tharu indigenous people of Terai, Nepal.[31] In India, the J2 haplogroup is almost absent from tribals. Haplogroup J2b is associated with the Neolithic Greeks that spread agriculture. It has been found in the Dravidian middle classes in high frequencies also in the Northwest of India.(((The frequency of J2 is higher in South Indian castes 19%)))))found to be even more common in India's Shia Muslim community, of which 28.7% belong to haplogroup J, with 13.7% in J2a-M410, 10.6% in J1 and 4.4% in J2b.[32] The high variance of J2b2 in South Asia indicates a probable pre-Neolithic migration.(wikipedia)
    J2
    Main article: Haplogroup J2 (Y-DNA)
    Haplogroup J2 It is composed of several sub-Haplogroups representing several different countries like Turkey, Iraq, Kurdistan, Lebanon, Syria, Armenia, Georgia, Aegean, Balkan, Italy. One sub Haplogroup M172* is mainly found in the Northern Fertile Crescent, the Mediterranean, Iran, Central Asia, and Southern Europe. Is is though to have originated in Anatolia (Turkey and Kurdstan) ie North Mesopotamia, and spread to Europe and to other Middle countries like Lebanon Palestine Iraq, Syria. J2 subclades is found also in Armenia, Azerbaijan), Iran, Central Asia, and South Asia: for example, Muslim Kurds (28.4%), Central Turks (27.9%), Georgians (26.7%), Iraqis (25.2%), Lebanese (25%), Ashkenazi Jews (23.2%), Sephardi Jews (28.6%), Iranians (23.3%), Tajiks (18.4%), and Pakistanis (14.7%). J2 is not regularly found in Semitic-speaking populations of Africa, such as the Amhara and Tigrinya in Ethiopia (Semino et al. 2004). However, J2 has been found to encompass several subhaplogroups (22 subhaplogroups, including 5 that have high frequencies) that originated or expanded in different regions: Italy, the Balkans, the Aegean, Anatolia (Turkey and Kurds), the Caucasus (Georgia), and Somalia (see ref: Semino et al. 2004). Haplogroup J2 was used to be considered a genetic marker of Anatolian Neolithic agriculturalists. It is also very frequent in the Balkans (Greeks 20.6%, Albanians 19.6%) and in southern Italy (16.7-29.1%). Its frequency rapidly drops in the Carpathian basin (Croatians 6.2%, Hungarians 2.0%, Ukrainians 7.3%) and in Southeastern Iranian-speaking areas (Pashtuns 5.2%, Pamiris 6.1%). A significant presence of J2 (J2b2+J2a) was detected in western and south-western India (the highest being 21% among Dravidian middle castes, followed by upper castes, 18.6%, and lower castes 14%; Sengupta et al. 2006).http://familypedia.wikia.com/wiki/Haplogroup_J_%28Y-DNA%29

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  7. Beypore is a port town in Malabar on the Arabian Sea coast. Eleven miles away from Calicut, this town was once considered as one of the best ship building centres in Asia. It was in Beypore that the ‘urus’ were built, country crafts which were the favorites of the spice merchants and the Arab traders. Built by the traditional ship builders called the Khalasis these ships sailed all over the Indian ocean carrying black gold and merchandise to both east and west.

    Khalasis are Moslems of Malabar, also known as Mappillas. They are considered to be the decendents of Arab traders and Malabaris. It is said that long before the Romans, Arab traders came to Kerala to trade in spices. Mapilla women wear the long blouse called the Poonkuppayam with the Thattam (scarf) on the head. Malabar women seldom venture out without the umbrella. They also wear heavy jewelry with rings throughout their ears.

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  8. For Arabs,((((( Malabar))))) was the most familiar place in the whole Indian subcontinent. The relationship between Arabs and Malabar has a history that dates back centuries. Arab merchants were trading spices such as ginger, pepper and cardamom as well as things like sword, ivory and silk from Malabar, and these were precious as well as prestigious commodities in Arab souks. A sword from Malabar, an icon of the best blacksmith craftsmanship was a prestige symbol for Arabs.))))))))))) Cultural exchange was also taking place through Arab merchants. Hence, names of places in Malabar and their customs were quite familiar among the salesmen of Okaz souk in Taif. ))))))))))))))Similarly, residents of Malabar were well aware of the changes happening in the Arabian peninsula. Many Arabs selected ((((((Hind ))))))as name for their daughters.http://www.arabnews.com/node/406092

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  9. I am an amateur archaeologist and I happens to stumble on many burial caves in Romblon, practically northern Tablas Island. Most of the skeletons I found in these caves are from remains of tall people towering more than 6 feet to my assesment because of their long skeletal remains. Could these be the Lequios remains who inhabited Tablas island before? But where are their descendants? People in Romblon are short people in stature.

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  10. please see this article https://www.scribd.com/doc/249097789/Revised-New-Pre-Hispanic-History-of-Philippines

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  11. anyone cannot access the link of articles you are interested, i will send the articles thru email my email. hazelsantiago1962@gmail.com

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  12. I've met personally a person who spoke Hebrew in our place. Accordingly, he was came from BOHOL with a mysterious identity. Meaning, when he arrives in our place the so called LITON from obsolete GREEK word PEOPLE ASSEMBLY; he was so old with LONG HAIR and BEARDED FACE but as time goes by HE LOOKS YOUNG...
    He can speak also in different languages not only HEBREW...

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  13. Volume 1, Parts 1.6.7 ;He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Hisham Ibn Muhammad Ibn al-Sá'ib informed us on the authority of his father; he said: The Indians, the Sindhis and the Bindis are the descendants of Yufir (Ophir) Ibn Yaqtan (Joktan) Ibn `Abir (Ebar) Ibn Shalikh (Salah) Ibn Arfakhshad (Arphaxed) Ibn Sam Ibn Nuh

    olume 1, Parts 1.6.6He (Ibn Sa`d) said: Hisham Ibn Muhammad Ibn al-Sa'ib informed us on the authority of his father, he on the authority of Abu Sálih, he on the authority of Ibn 'Abbas; he said:Allah revealed to Musa: Verily thou and thy people and the inhabitants of al-Jazirah (the isle) and the inhabitants of al-`Al (the upper `Iraq) are the descendants of Sam Ibn Nuh.Ibn `Abbas said: The Arabs, the Persians, the Nabateans, Indians, Sindhis, and Bindis are the descendents of Sam Ibn Nuh. http://www.soebratie.nl/religie/hadith/IbnSad.

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  14. J2Main article: Haplogroup J2 (Y-DNA)Haplogroup J2 It is composed of several sub-Haplogroups representing several different countries like Turkey, Iraq, Kurdistan, Lebanon, Syria, Armenia, Georgia, Aegean, Balkan, Italy. One sub Haplogroup M172* is mainly found in the Northern Fertile Crescent, the Mediterranean, Iran, Central Asia, and Southern Europe. Is is though to have originated in Anatolia (Turkey and Kurdstan) ie North Mesopotamia, and spread to Europe and to other Middle countries like Lebanon Palestine Iraq, Syria. J2 subclades is found also in Armenia, Azerbaijan), Iran, Central Asia, and South Asia: for example, Muslim Kurds (28.4%), Central Turks (27.9%), Georgians (26.7%), Iraqis (25.2%), Lebanese (25%), Ashkenazi Jews (23.2%), Sephardi Jews (28.6%), Iranians (23.3%), Tajiks (18.4%), and Pakistanis (14.7%). J2 is not regularly found in Semitic-speaking populations of Africa, such as the Amhara and Tigrinya in Ethiopia (Semino et al. 2004). However, J2 has been found to encompass several subhaplogroups (22 subhaplogroups, including 5 that have high frequencies) that originated or expanded in different regions: Italy, the Balkans, the Aegean, Anatolia (Turkey and Kurds), the Caucasus (Georgia), and Somalia (see ref: Semino et al. 2004). Haplogroup J2 was used to be considered a genetic marker of Anatolian Neolithic agriculturalists. It is also very frequent in the Balkans (Greeks 20.6%, Albanians 19.6%) and in southern Italy (16.7-29.1%). Its frequency rapidly drops in the Carpathian basin (Croatians 6.2%, Hungarians 2.0%, Ukrainians 7.3%) and in Southeastern Iranian-speaking areas (Pashtuns 5.2%, Pamiris 6.1%). A significant presence of J2 (J2b2+J2a) was detected in western and south-western India (the highest being 21% among Dravidian middle castes, followed by upper castes, 18.6%, and lower castes 14%; Sengupta et al. 2006).http://familypedia.wikia.com/wiki/Haplogroup_J_%28Y-DNA%29=

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  15. J2 is widely believed to be associated with the spread of agriculture from Mesopotamia.[1][9]"The main spread of J2 into the Mediterranean area is thought to have coincided with the expansion of agricultural people's during the Neolithic period."[2] The age of J2 has been estimated as 18,500 +/- 3,500 years ago.[1] Its distribution, centered in Western Asia and Southeastern Europe, its association with the presence of Neolithic archaeological artifacts, such as figurines and painted pottery,[21] and its association with annual precipitation have been interpreted as evidence that J2, and in particular its J2a-M410 subclade belonged to the agricultural innovators who followed the rainfall.[22] However, Di Giacomo stressed the role of post-Neolithic migratory phenomenon, specifically that of the Ancient Greeks, as also being important in the dispersal of Hg J2.[7] Haplogroup J2b on the other hand is associated with the Neolithic Greeks that spread agriculture. It has been found in the Dravidian middle classes in high frequencies also in the Northwest of India.http://www.enotes.com/topic/Haplogroup_J2_%28Y-DNA%29


    It is probably not the neolithic greeks but the Indo aryan Lydians who are the Neo Hittites who are the Minoans who mixed with the Chaldeans and also mixed with the Medes(Kurds) who also mixed with the Chaldeans who are Arameans who are the Nabateans

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  16. Nomadic Arabs and ancient Phoenicians are said to be among the first to come to Kerala for spice trade. The Arabs gained control of the lucrative trade by 600 B.C. They transported pepper, cinnamon, incense, and oils from the East through the Persian Gulf to Arabia. Southern Arabia became the great spice emporium of the ancient world.“Phoenicians” better known for their trading abilities were the pioneer in the sea trade with Kerala. In 100BC King Solomon's ships visited 'Ophix' (the modern Puvar, South of Thiruvanathapuram) to trade indifferent kind of items like ivory, apes, sandalwood and peacocks.THEKKEPURAM -southern india Since ancient period, Kerala has been a gateway, a place where many cultures and ideas arrived and flourished.((( Active trade existed between Arabia and Kerala and the Muslims dominated the trade.))))))))))))) The kings of Kerala welcomed people to stay and granted them economic and religious security.((((((((( Traders from Baghdad, Yemen and Bahrain had settled in many ports of Kerala and traded in spices and wood.)))))))))))))) By the end of the Seventh century, Islam reached the shores of Kerala through its traders. Christianity and Judaism had reached the place before Islam and enjoyed peaceful co-existence. For long, different religions spread in a non-aggressive manner. Local communities, both the lower and upper castes, took to the new ideas and converted to the new religion for various reasons.People Decades or Centuries back, the beach front of Thekkepuram area was busy with carts and Lorries and there were hundreds of Arab sailors walking up and down. The Arab boats arrived as soon as the monsoon was over, in October, and the last left the following May, before the rain started. Some of the boats were owned by Kozhikode businessmen, but the majority belonged to Arab traders. You couldsee the boat owners sitting on the verandas outside the Pandikashalas (offices) of the exporters. Some of these Arabs came to Kozhikode for the whole trading season, others had settled here. They married and had families, children. Arab sailors ate and slept in the godowns (warehouses). They were away from home for a long time and they also took 'wives' here. Some of these are big traders from Kuwait, Baghdad Oman, Bahrain, Egypt and Yemen.

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  17. The last Arab boat came here in 1975. Currently Thekkepurates are known for their trading and have a near monopoly in the big bazaar of Calicut. More than 20% of the Thekkepuram population is working abroad (mainly in the Middle-East) and this brings foreign currency into the state. Most of the inhabitants in Thekkepuram are Muslims.Traditionally(( Yemeni Hadhrami people, as well as Omanis,( came to Beypore, Kerala, India)) along the centuries in order to build Dhows. The reasons were the availability of good timber in the forests of Kerala, the availability of good coir rope and also the presence of skilled carpenters specialized in ship building. Formerly the sheathing planks of a dhow's hull were held together by coconut rope instead of nails. Beypore Dhows are known as 'Uru' in Malayalam, the local language of Kerala. ((((((Settlers from Yemen, later known as 'Baramis', are still active in Uru business in Kerala.))))))))))))[ wikipedia beypore is southern india :) As early as 80 BC, Alexandria became the dominant trading center for Indian spices entering the Greco-Roman world.[3] Indian ships sailed to Egypt. The thriving maritime routes of Southern Asia were not under the control of a single power,[9] but through various systems eastern spices were brought to the major spice trading ports of India such as Barbaricum, Barygaza,((((( Muziris, Korkai, Kaveripattinam, and Arikamedu. southern india))))))))))))))) info from wikipedia Ancient Chera kingdom (Kerala) enjoyed a flourishing spice trade with the Arabs of coastal Yemen and Oman. By the early Christian period south India was transformed into a commercial hub linked to the West and the East through emporiums located along the coastal and inland routes. Arab traders left their shores in July, at the height of the southwestern monsoon season to the heart of the pepper country, and returned, carrying their precious cargo of many spices, with the northwest monsoons in November. Even during the height of Roman trade, old Arab channels of trade continued to flourish thanks to the age-old alliances and agreements between the original Arab and Indian traders. Cinnamon, the spice that made fortunes for the Arab traders in earlier times, still remained an Arab monopoly. The Romans could find it only at Arab ports; the source of cinnamon in India was scrupulously guarded from them. Throughout the Kerala Coast the Romans were offered only malabathrum, the leaves of the same tree that produced the fragrant bark. Such was the loyalty between the ancient traders of the Indian Ocean.Trading contacts with the kingdoms of Southern Arabia resulted in the formation of the earliest Muslim communities of Kerala. When foreign traders arrived at the port of Muziris, near the capital of Chera kingdom, the reigning kings treated them with respect, and extended facilities for their settlement, and establishment of their faith in the land.http://gulfnews.com/news/world/india/ancient-kerala-city-had-global-trade-links-from-500bc-1.77085

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  18. indias connection to arabia (wikipedia)

    Trade and cultural links between ancient India and Arabia date back to third millennium BC.[1] By 1000 AD, the trade relations between southern India and Arabia flourished and became the backbone of the Arabian economy.[2] Arab traders held a monopoly over the spice trade between India and Europe until the rise of European imperialist empires.[3] India was one of the first nations to establish ties with the Third Saudi State. During the 1930s, India heavily funded Nejd through financial subsidies.
    =================================================================================================
    Early history
    In 1613, the town of Kuwait was founded in modern-day Kuwait City. In 1716, the Bani Utubs settled in Kuwait. At the time of the arrival of the Utubs, Kuwait was inhabited by a few fishermen and primarily functioned as a fishing village.[16] In the eighteenth century, Kuwait prospered and rapidly became the principal commercial center for the transit of goods between India, Muscat,Baghdad and Arabia.[17][18] By the mid 1700s, Kuwait had already established itself as the major trading route from the Persian Gulf to Aleppo.[19] wikipedia


    "Kuwait," the word for "small human settlement," was so named by Iraqirulers of that era. Throughout the nineteenth century and up to World War , Kuwait was a "Qadha," a district within the Basra Province, and it was an integral part of Iraq under the administrative rule of the Ottoman Empire.
    ================================================================================================
    http://www.arabnews.com/node/406092 For Arabs, Malabar was the most familiar place in the whole Indian subcontinent. The relationship between Arabs and Malabar has a history that dates back centuries. Arab merchants were trading spices such as ginger, pepper and cardamom as well as things like sword, ivory and silk from Malabar, and these were precious as well as prestigious commodities in Arab souks. A sword from Malabar, an icon of the best blacksmith craftsmanship was a prestige symbol for Arabs. Cultural exchange was also taking place through Arab merchants. Hence, names of places in Malabar and their customs were quite familiar among the salesmen of Okaz souk in Taif. Similarly, residents of Malabar were well aware of the changes happening in the Arabian peninsula. Many Arabs selected Hind as name for their daughters.

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  19. The Arabs introduced the South Indian/ Sri Lankan wootz steel to Damascus, where an industry developed for making weapons of this steel. The 12th century Arab traveler Edrisi mentioned the "Hinduwani" or Indian steel as the best in the world.[99] Another sign of its reputation is seen in a Persian phrase – to give an "Indian answer", meaning "a cut with an Indian sword."[112] Wootz steel was widely exported and traded throughout ancient Europe and the Arab world, and became particularly famous in the Middle East wikipedia

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  20. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolar_Gold_Fields


    History of Gold Mining at KGF
    The tradition of mining gold at Kolar started at least as early as the first millennium BC with linkages to the Indus Valley civilization. Golden objects found in Harappa and Mohenjo-daro have been traced to KGF through an impurities-analysis assay, as the impurities include 11% silver concentration, found only in KGF ore.[citation needed] Pliny, a Roman historian who passed in this area in 77 C.E., wrote about gold and silver mines.

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  21. Marayur or Marayoor is a town in Idukki district of Kerala, India. It is located 42 kilometers north of Munnar on SH 17 connecting Munnar with Udumalpet, Tamil Nadu. Marayur is the only place in Kerala that has natural sandalwood forests. Ancient dolmens and rock paintings in Marayur date back to the Stone Age.

    http://www.marayoortourism.com/images/idukki%20map1.jpg kerala https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/d/df/India_Kerala_locator_map.svg/2000px-India_Kerala_locator_map.svg.png
    ----------------------------------------------
    http://www.embajadadeindia.org/media/mapas/Estados_de_la_India/Karnataka.jpg also a sandalwood forest in Karnataka
    https://writebonnierose.files.wordpress.com/2013/12/all-around-india-karnataka.jpg

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  22. I would say that their is a sense that he Philippines could be possibly Ophir becsause their are excavation made accidentally in some part of the Philippines and found objects that made of gold with beautiful atistry and some of these are royal object way the 9-10th century of the Philippines civilisatio.

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  23. Land of Papua island is the land of Ophir. Land of gold with high mountain and now it still land of gold.

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  24. Land of Papua island is the land of Ophir. Land of gold with high mountain and now it still land of gold.

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  25. IT WAS THE PHILS.LEARN SOMETHING ABT THE HISTORICAL NAME >> THATS WHY PHILS GOT A LOT OF GOLD BARS,TONS OF GOLD BARS THAT WERE KEPT MOSTLY IN DIFF. COUNTRIES CENTRAL BANK OR BANKS ALL OVER THE WORLD.THATS WHY WHEN BUSH WAS ASKED WHAT COUNTRY IS THE WEALTHIEST OR RICH COUNTRY>> HE ANSWERED >>PHILIPPINES,ITS NOT AFRICA<< ARE MORE INTO DIAMONDS AND GOLD TOO BUT THEY ARE FAR FROM WHAT THE OPHIR WAS DESCRIBED OR ITS DESCRIPTION,AND EVEN INDIA,ITS ONLY PHILIPPINES AND ITS ALSO THE REASON WHY THE SPANIARDS HAD SETTLED TO LIVE THERE COZ OF THE GOLD THE WEALTH OF THE PHILS.

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  26. All I know to our history in visayas was. There were 10 datus that had been landed in visayas and and some of those 10 landed in luzon,mindanao, but most of them were in visayas.
    And as I saw to the native people in my place where in Antique most of them were black people,many so called negroes where paticularly lived in cave area,an unknown place.modern people or breeding people treat them like untouchable. For they were different.

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  27. And I notice thay in our language hiligaynon or kara-a have a lot of words that are similar to hebrew words.

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  29. Ophir...>

    Ha couldn't be Borneo. Anyhow according to a study here
    http://www.readcube.com/articles/10.1007/s00439-016-1640-3 there are instances of mtDNA Haplogroup JT found in North Borneo (Sabah) people. Of the 300 sample of natives mtDNA 10 (3.33%) belong to the Haplogroup JT. Incidentally Haplogroup JT is the upperclade of the J group found often among the people in the Middle East, Mediterranean, and European countries.

    King Solomon probably source gold, silver, algumwood, pearls, ivory, apes and peacocks from Borneo, North Borneo thousands years ago.? All these things found plenty in here.

    Mount Ophir could be Mount Kinabalu. Here you find large deposits of silver, copper and gold.

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